Sri Lanka in brief
|Capital:||Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (official and legislature)|
The island nation of Sri Lanka has experienced one of the longest civil conflicts in the world. The armed struggle of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, Tamil Tigers) for creation of an independent Tamil state ended with their defeat by the governmental forces in May 2009. The almost three decades long conflict caused more than 100 thousand deaths. During the last phase of war only, more than 300 thousand people were internally displaced and had to spend months and in some cases years in the IDP camps.
People in Need has been active in Sri Lanka since early 2005 in the aftermath of the destructive tsunami. The main PIN target area was Eastern Province where the tsunami aggravated the already grave situation inflicted by the protracted civil war. The initial relief and immediate recovery activities were followed by a series of long-term reconstruction and development projects and activities, mainly in the sectors of good governance, education, livelihoods and agriculture.
Since 2009, PIN has focused on helping IDPs and returnees in the North affected by the last phase of the war. Initially, People in Need operated in the Pulmoddai IDP camp and later assisted with reintegration of the returning IDPs to Vavuniya, Mullativu and Kilinochchi Districts and the recovery of the war-affected area.
PIN also focuses on transferring its Cambodian experience with the market-based promotion of biogas systems as renewable sources of energy for households and SMEs.