Afghanistan: Emergency Preparedness & Response
Afghanistan is currently facing several humanitarian crises. Due to its geographical location and long-term degradation of natural resources, the country is extremely vulnerable to recurrent natural catastrophes. Earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, extreme rainfall and drought are all too frequent in Afghanistan. Frequent military conflict in a complex social and political environment affects the entire country. Numerous districts are controlled by armed rebel groups who are involved in frequently clashes with government forces.
Since 2002, People in Need has been reacting to the humanitarian needs of Afghan communities hit by natural disaster and armed conflict. Depending on the situation in hand, we provide financial assistance, material aid, help in rebuilding damaged buildings and individual aid to those returning home.
Ensuring access to basic, life-saving assistance for most vulnerable individuals affected by conflict and natural disaster in Afghanistan
Especially within the cultural context where people living with additional vulnerabilities may be more at risk, PIN identifies female-headed, child-headed, elderly headed households, people living with disabilities, pregnant and lactating mothers and families with infants, ensuring equal access to humanitarian assistance through appropriate modalities of either multi-purpose cash and/or NFIs. In addition, as well as meeting the needs of displaced populations, PIN supports those unable to flee from conflict.
This project is funded by USAID/OFDA and is part of a countrywide humanitarian response to meet the life-saving needs of affected populations and part of PIN’s wider strategy to provide humanitarian assistance. The proposed sectors, see multipurpose cash as central to emergency response in Afghanistan to help shock-affected people to meet their basic needs in a manner that upholds their dignity. Especially in a context like Afghanistan where markets have demonstrated resilience in the face of conflict and disaster, multipurpose cash also allows affected populations more immediate access to life-saving needs including shelter, as a large number of affected populations are likely to rent. The provision of multipurpose cash also contributes to minimising protection concerns, as improved access to safe shelter decreases risks of abuse, assault, or violence, especially for women and girls.
Humanitarian aid involves provision of direct financial assistance to communities hit by humanitarian crisis. In providing such assistance, we attempt to cover the basic needs of the local population, such as food, drinking water, shelter and essential facilities.
The beneficiaries of such assistance usually play an important role in planning and implementing humanitarian measures. Direct feedback through regular contact with individuals, but also with local community development committees ensure that assistance provided goes towards satisfaction of current needs.
Although natural catastrophe and conflicts have a negative effect on all of their victims, the most vulnerable groups – children, pregnant women, the elderly, orphans, single mothers and widows – are at greatest risk after such events, so People in Need provides special assistance to such groups in the form of financial grants to cover their specific needs, or in individual cases we refer them to the relevant institution (mainly in medical situations or in cases requiring protection of children and women).
In 2012, People in Need joined a consortium of international non-profit organisations, the Emergency Response Mechanism, providing immediate evaluation of situations and aid in emergency situations.