Angola: Sustainable Livelihoods and Environment
Agriculture is still the source of livelihood for millions of Angolans. However, due to the war, whole generations have forgotten basic farming skills. This means they know how to grow only a limited range of crops and hunt in the forest for meat. For this reason, our projects introduce the people to new crops, how to grow and how to cook them.
Food and nutrition security improvement
PIN provides beneficiaries with practical trainings and continuous advisory support, as well as relevant agriculture inputs. The supply of seeds of highly nutritive crops like soybean, groundnut, sweet potato and fruit trees is part of the project, that also fosters the implementation of vegetable-gardens and new irrigation systems, and the production of organic fertilizer. The initiative also promotes better practices for duck breeding and distributes cattle in Bié province, where the presence of bovine is very small.
As a result of the rise in the agricultural production, the workforce demand in the selected villages should also increase. PIN also encourages cooperative work of women and gives support in terms of income generation activities.
The nutrition component focuses on improving the dietary patterns of children and young women through training courses and campaigns on how to cook nutrient-rich food, the importance of breastfeeding, and safe hygiene practices. The nutrition work is expected to enhance the access to nutrient rich food in the target areas. In total, 3,000 households benefit from the project.
Farmer training and Agricultural Market development
800 farmers successfully passed the courses and expanded and enriched their own production thanks to the provision of small grants. During the training, they learned basic agricultural techniques such as crop rotation, fertilization, pest prevention and cultivation of new crops. They also learned how to take care of poultry and livestock and prevent animal diseases. Thanks to the training, their own crops increased two to three-fold. Their families and communities now have access to a nutritionally enriched diet, including protein, and have increased the income and the health status of their whole family.
Similarly, within their communities in the rural farm schools, a thousand farmers are taught by PIN trainers and extention workers. The Farmers Field Schools offer illiterate or little educated residents simple techniques and visual practical learning on training plots, where several approaches can be tried and evaluated. They also learn to take care of goats, chickens or bees, and test their own skills thanks to loans that are provided in the form of seeds, tools and livestock. In the future, the most successful Farmers Field School can obtain a larger community grant, such as a plow or water power plant
Additionally, women learn how to grow medicinal herbs, which are often the only available medication for the rural communities.
The Agrarian center, sample farm set by PIN, offers the residents of Cuemba a number of services including a small mill, a shop with agrarian inputs, a tractor rental and other machinery, etc. The Agrarian center also buys produce from farmers in addition to selling its own.Moreover, the center runs a bakery and provides around 4000 loaves of bread on a daily basis to the residents of the town.We also support the organization of village markets, linking urban merchants and rural farmers. Farmers buy agricultural inputs such as tools, boots, fertilisers or seeds, and merchants buy their produce and sell it back in the towns.