Armenia: Education and practical skills
Arménské školství se potýká s řadou problémů. Extrémně nízké platy, dezolátní stav řady venkovských škol a nedostupnost atraktivních pomůcek vedou k malé motivaci učitelů a nízké kvalitě výuky. Vzdělávání o současných společenských tématech, jako je migrace či lidská práva, dosahuje vzhledem k přetrvávajícímu zastaralému vzdělávacímu systému a výukovým metodám jen nízké úrovně.
Vzdělávání a spolupráci se školami a univerzitami se Člověk v tísni v Arménii věnuje od roku 2009. Nově organizace školám pro výuku o aktuálních tématech nabízí dokumentární filmy z archívu Jednoho světa na školách.
Pasivita typická pro většinu obyvatel Arménie a nedostupnost objektivních a zajímavých informačních zdrojů vede k tomu, že i mezi širokou veřejností přetrvává nízké povědomí o celospolečenských problémech, jako je dodržování lidských práv, obchodování s lidmi či ochrana životního prostředí. Proto se Člověk v tísni od roku 2012 vedle spolupráce se školami zaměřuje i na vzdělávání široké veřejnosti a expertů z řad medií a dokumentárních tvůrců.
Prevention of child trafficking in Armenia
The project focused on prevention of child trafficking by increasing awareness, building capacities of individuals and institutions and direct aid to vulnerable groups of the population.
The main project activities were working with primary school teachers and with children. Child trafficking awareness training and discussions were organised for both of these groups. We held a summer school for 25 future teachers who were to become experts in the issue of child trafficking and were be able to continue in training other teachers, but mainly children too.
As part of the awareness campaign, a series of performances took place on the topic of child trafficking, promoting a helpline service amongst other things. Our partner organisation focused on distributing information amongst blind and partially-sighted children and among deaf children, their families and educators.
Apart from schools, we also worked alongside state administration workers responsible for protection of the rights of children: we trained over 150 Yerevan city authority employees, employment agency and labour inspectorate officials and also police officers. We shared in establishing identification criteria for potential child victims of human trafficking, subsequently schooling members of the police force and state prosecution office representatives.
Education through documentary films
As part of a project aimed at preventing illegal migration and trafficking, People in Need worked intensively with secondary school and university students in 2009 to 2011, organizing dozens of discussions and seminars to disseminate information on the dangers of illegal migration. In 2012, PIN started working with teachers in Armenia, introducing the One World in Schools methodology based on documentary films. It draws on the experience of the One World in Schools programme, run by People in Need in the Czech Republic since 2001.
The One World in Schools methodology combines documentary films, other audio-visual aids and follow up activities and helps teachers to teach more effectively about complex social topics, such as human rights, democracy values, and conflict mediation or prevention.
To date, the methodology is used in 164 schools by 200 teachers trained in teaching through documentary films. The methodology was recommended by the Armenian Ministry of Education and Science and in 2014 it was spread among all Armenian social science teachers, based on cooperation between People in Need and the National Institute of Education. The methodology was incorporated into the teachers’ professional development plan.
The area of education also includes strengthening of general public awareness of topics such as human rights, migration and human trafficking. Information is disseminated to people through media campaigns, which resulted in dozens of articles and TV reports on the issues of migration from 2009 to 2014.
In 2012-2013, People in Need also supported initiatives in remote regions in Armenia (and also Azerbaijan and Georgia). Five teams organized ten small scale documentary film festivals in their communities. The festivals screened documentaries on crucial issues (conflict transformation, human rights) for the audience of more than 3000 people. All screenings were followed up by a debate that enabled the local communities to open dialogue on these crucial issues, some of which had been taboo before. Since 2014, four of these festivals in Armenia continue screening films without People in Need’s support. Moreover, extensive videotheque of documentary films in Armenian is available for everybody who wishes to organize a single screening and is mostly used by university teachers or activists.