Bosnia and Herzegovina
Post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina still faces many social and economic problems. One of the biggest problems of this country is its complex, confusing and fragmented political system. The country remains deeply divided into two main political entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, and not forgetting the autonomous Brčko District. Fractious political elites often paralyze any joint decisions that could move the country forward and that are crucial for integration into the EU or other structures.
While over 50 % of GDP goes to support the public sector, the extraordinarily large state apparatus struggles to perform even basic governmental functions and the country is not able to effectively meet the needs of its citizens (approximately 17 % of the population were living below the poverty line in 2011). The citizens are mainly troubled by high unemployment that reaches almost 57 % amongst young people, and by all-pervasive corruption.
Bosnia and Herzegovina was one of the first countries in which People in Need began to operate. The war that started in 1992 was the first crucial experience of the newly arising organization, and its humanitarian section in particular. Sending humanitarian workers to the field and trying to help the people living under wartime conditions was, given that the war lasted almost 4 years, the first long-term and very demanding project for People in Need.
As part of its humanitarian aid operations, People in Need participated in providing help after the floods in 2014. The floods in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia took dozens of lives and caused extensive material losses. People in Need sent experienced coordinators to the locations concerned, opened a charitable collection account and distributed material help. In addition, the organization's experts advised affected families on how to deal with the impact of the devastating flooding.
Today in Bosnia and Herzegovina, People in Need focuses on development cooperation in the social area, with a special emphasis on providing services to people with disabilities.