Burma/Myanmar: Emergency Preparedness & Response
Myanmar continues to face significant humanitarian challenges related to the recent security crisis in the Rakhine and Kachin States, such as mass displacement and lack of access to basic services. Furthermore, it faces challenges related to the long-standing conflict in various parts of the country and is also highly prone to natural disasters.
Dramatic events escalating in August and September 2017 in Rakhine State have led to a mass displacement of the Rohingya people. More than 733,000 people fled to refugee camps in neighboring Bangladesh; however, those who stayed behind continue to live under dire circumstances and are desperately in need of humanitarian assistance. Since September 2017, People in Need has assisted people who are affected by this conflict and who have been displaced from their homes.
The armed conflict in Kachin State intensified in April 2018, resulting in the displacement of several thousand people. PIN, with the help of local partners, provides various forms of assistance relating to education, water, sanitation, hygiene, and shelter.
Recent monsoon rains in July 2018 caused dramatic flooding in Bago Region and in the Kayin and Mon States displacing more than 150,000 people. PIN distributed food kits in some of the most affected and remote villages in Kayin. In addition, PIN launched a program rehabilitating agriculture livelihoods and schools.
Supporting flood-affected people in South-East
People in Need started its response to distribute seeds among 14,000 households (around 70,000 people) in the most affected areas by the monsoon rains. Using a community-based assessment, the project has the aim of restoring the livelihoods of the targeted farming population and strengthening their food security. The distribution includes fertilizer, seeds of black and green grams and vegetables (white radish, chilli, tomato, carrot, mustard, water spinach and eggplant), as well as awareness on Good Agricultural Practices.
PIN is implementing a project focusing on rehabilitation and provisions for damaged schools. We provide student kits, teacher kits and contribute to the renovation of schools damaged by floods, to ensure and restore appropriate learning environment.
Humanitarian Aid to Internally Displaced People in Kachin
Poverty and lack of livelihood opportunities play a large role in limiting educational access for children. One of the biggest barriers in terms of educational quality is the availability of educational materials. PIN and KBC works on providing fair access to quality education for school aged boys and girls in Kachin state. The action aims to improve teaching and learning processes and create inclusive learning environments that promote the well-being of learners. Students receive school supplies (exercise books, bags, necessary stationery) and classrooms are also equipped with necessary supplies such as white board, duster, marker pen, etc. to improve the quality of the lessons.
Humanitarian Assistance in Rakhine
Additionally, PIN aims to decrease vulnerabilities and enhance resilience of conflict-affected populations in Minbya Township. To improve access to community based protection services, PIN provides capacity-building workshops on wide-range of protection topics for community members, as well as training and mentoring of community-based protection groups. Small-scale grants are provided to the protection groups for the implementation of protection enhancement projects. Moreover, the action focuses on livelihoods opportunities for the extremely vulnerable female-headed households.
In Northern Rakhine State, PIN supported a local partner in rehabilitation of school infrastructure. This includes overall renovation of the building, rehabilitation of WASH facilities, trainings on the maintenance of WASH-related installations, basic hygiene promotion activities and equipping the schools with basic furniture such as desks, chairs, blackboards and benches. Primary school students receive school kits containing a school bag, school supplies (pencils, pens, sharpener, notebooks, geometry kit) and textbooks.
Currently, in Northern Rakhine State, PIN works on enhanced nutrition security through increased access to adequate quality and quantity of food and improved nutritional practices. Vulnerable households receive kitchen gardening kits and cash grants to purchase small animals. The aid recipients and other interested community members can participate in the training on basic principles of animal husbandry. Moreover, PIN also provides hygiene kits to ensure personal hygiene, health, dignity and well-being and reduce undernutrition and stunting in children.
As Myanmar and specifically communities living in target area of Rakhine State remain highly vulnerable to natural disasters, PIN provided financial support to its local partner organization to implement DRR-focused programming in Ponnagyun Township.