Good governance and Human Rights violations are serious concerns. Cambodian Human Rights organisations estimate that between 500,000 and 770,000 people have been embroiled in the land disputes over the past 20 years, often leading to loss of assets, income sources and displacement.
While Cambodia continues to be largely a rural country (79%), its cities are growing extremely quickly, at rate of 3.8%. This means that every year approx. 72,000 people migrate to Cambodian cities looking for better life opportunities. This phenomenon is further exacerbated by a combination of recurring cycles of droughts and floods, devastating people’s livelihoods, forced evictions and low productivity. 150,000 people were forcibly evicted in Phnom Penh since the Paris Peace Treaty to 52 unprepared relocation sites surrounding the city (some of them as far as 50 km away). There are 26 communities in Phnom Penh under formal threat of eviction. PIN will support these communities in their effort to identify satisfactory solutions to all enabling those communities.
PIN supports the Urban Poverty Reduction Working Group in creating policy papers and good practices in urban poverty reduction. To tackle the issues linked to forced eviction we focus on mapping, enumeration and legal analysis of land status, for promoting of good practices in participatory spatial planning, and also improving the environmental sanitation in urban poor communities in Phnom Penh.
Human Rights Based Spatial Planning II
The Human Rights Based Spatial Planning II (HRBSPII) Project is led by People in Need Cambodia with local partners Open Institute (OI), Sahmakum Teang Tnaut (STT) and Urban Poor Women Development (UPWD). Funded by the European Union and Czech Development Agency, the three-year long project (2016 to 2018) aims at developing and promoting good practices in spatial planning and urban poor settlements upgrading among local communities and authorities, civil society organizations, the private sector and academia in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The project helps with strengthening claims to land tenure through mapping, enumeration and legal analysis of the land status in urban poor communities in Phnom Penh, via www.iTenure.net, the innovative software tool developed by PIN with OI. iTenure uses geographic, legal and other supporting data for legal analysis of a household’s land title and produces a customized information package, containing a map of the house, a report and legal advice on how to strengthen a land claim.
Within the project the project are also implemented small infrastructure improvements include sealed roads, latrines, drainage and lighting while longer term plans see community members actively engaged in the planning of their communities, working with local and municipal authorities on pre-existing and future Commune Development and Investment Plans, and alternative spatial redevelopment plans facilitated by PIN.
Partners: Open Institute, Sahmakum Teang Tnaut, Urban Poor Women Development