Ethiopia: Emergency Preparedness & Response
The unstable Horn of Africa has been regularly plagued by droughts due to fluctuations in the quantity of rainfall per annum. Humanitarian crises not only affect the inhabitants of the northern and south-eastern parts of the country; Ethiopia also faces an influx of thousands of refugees from neighbouring Somalia.
For instance, the crisis of 2011, which affected more than 12.4 million people, resulted from the lack of regular rainfall, rising prices of basic food and products, and conflicts in neighbouring countries. People in Need helped local herdsmen who had lost their herds, and war refugees from neighbouring Somalia.
The main focus of our organization is humanitarian assistance in the form of food security, shelter and renovation, and health care, as well as the development of sources for drinking water and the provision of alternative training courses.
Rapid humanitarian intervention is mainly intended for the worst affected areas in the south and south-eastern parts of Ethiopia. People in Need offers humanitarian assistance in current crises; however, we also try to prevent future turmoil by offering effective humanitarian aid with local partners. An example of such is the successful aversion of an imminent cholera epidemic in South Omo, which took place in 2011.
Assistance to internally displaced people in Gedeo
Assistance to drought-affected areas
In mid-2017, People in Need in Ethiopia went on to fight the drought to South Omo. Water boreholes are being repaired, water is imported to the most needy areas in tanks, where there are no roads, on donkeys. PIN's Partner, Veterinarians Without Borders, is dedicated to destitute cattle for the most affected households.
Assistance in areas affected by epidemics
Support of Somali refugees
Through PIN projects there was realized the installation of dozens of new latrines, volunteers’ training took place and hygienic conditions rapidly improved. Furthermore, PIN provided material and tools for the construction of shelters, which were later equipped with utensils and hygiene kits containing soaps or water purification tablets. Thanks to the two mobile ambulances our operatives managed to provide basic health care. In addition, the old shelter building was converted into the school, which serves now as both, a study room and a dining facility.
Immediate assistance to victims of natural disasters
In the next phase, PIN focused on repair of water well, building of two health centres and construction of water distribution systems. In addition to the nine existing wells being repaired, seven water distribution systems, thirty two roof rainwater collectors and fifteen latrines around schools and health centres were constructed. PIN’s development assistance project also included an extensive educational campaign, part of which was a demonstration of hygiene habits and distribution of canisters of water and soap. Overall this project benefitted circa 118 000 inhabitants of the Alaba district.
Poorly accessible areas of the Southern Oma in the Region of Southern Nations were in 2010 badly affected by floods, which lead to the expansion of waterborne diseases, including cholera. Given the fact, that even under the normal circumstances in the (Oma) region only 40% of the population has access to basic care, PIN immediately, after securing funding, went to distribute water purification tablets, water filters and hygiene kits. Following this emergency phase of assistance, nine wells were repaired and cleaned and nine roof rainwater collectors were built. The project was also an educational campaign for better hygiene habits and active public health training and helped more than 36 000 people.