In the past few decades, Iraq has experienced severe economic and social decline further aggravated by periods of armed conflict and political instability. The civil war that then followed left the country in ruins and the Iraqi society deprived and fragmented. Several militant groups have managed to exploit this situation, including the so-called Islamic State (IS). Between 2014 and 2017, IS managed to seize extensive swathes of Iraqi and Syrian territory forcing hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes and seek refugee elsewhere. Although IS was militarily defeated at the end of 2017, the country will continue to battle the consequences of IS brutal rule and tyranny for many years to come.
Since 2003, which marks the beginning of our activities in Iraq, the scope and geographical outreach of our programming has experienced multiple context-driven transformations in reaction to the fluid and volatile political and social climate inside the country. In the first decade, we were primarily focusing on reconstruction and rehabilitation of schools and health centres, along with support of local authorities and their capacity building, journalistic freedom of expression, and civil and human rights activities. Yet, with the rise of IS, the needs shifted steeply toward provision of immediate material aid and shelter assistance to war-affected communities.
Once the fighting began to abate, our activities have gradually rewound back to a more long-term and sustainable programming in access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector, education and livelihoods. Such a multi-sectoral humanitarian and development intervention aims to facilitate people’s return to their original homes and support the stabilisation and transition process. Currently, PIN operates in the governorates of Nineveh, Salah Al-Din and Kirkuk with the main country office located in Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan and newly in Baghdad.
Support our activities in Iraq by contributing to the SOS Syria and Iraq fundraising account HERE.