Mongolia is a country of rolling steppes and dusty deserts with harsh climate and the sparsest population density in the world with an average of two inhabitants per square kilometer. The most common source of income and livelihood is agriculture and animal husbandry.
Though Mongolia’s economy collapsed after the end of socialist system, Mongolia is experienced economic growth due to its abundant natural resources. According to the estimation, concluded jointly by NSO and the World Bank, the poverty rate in Mongolia reached 29.6 percent in 2016 – an increase by 8.0 percentage points from the poverty rate of 21.6 percent in 2014.
People in Need launched its programming in Mongolia towards the end of 2009, when it provided emergency assistance to herders affected by dzud, an extremely harsh winter. With the goals to save lives and protect dignity, empower people and support sustainable living, PIN established its permanent presence in Mongolia in 2011. Today, apart from providing emergency relief, PIN’s programs in Mongolia support urban sustainable development, support rural livelihoods through building the capacity of cooperatives and providing DRR and resilience programs for herders, build the capacity of civil society organizations (CSOs) and local authorities, strengthen higher education, promote environmental protection and raise awareness on air pollution.