Mongolia: Emergency Preparedness & Response
Climate change and the negative effects of human activity on the environment have an extreme impact on nomadic herders in Mongolia. Dzud, a severe winter typical for Mongolia, occurs increasingly often and causes extensive die-offs of livestock. As a consequence, herders lose their only source of livelihood.
Traditionally, herder households had very profoundly developed methods of coping with the harsh climate and the extremely demanding conditions of the herder’s way of life. However, these days the increased frequency of dzud has considerably reduced their resilience. We distribute special feed and multivitamins for undernourished animals and provide affected herders with cash to cover their basic needs.
The second is access to food for cattle which is the only source of income for herder families. If they were to lose their herd or their numbers were to fall significantly in consequence of the jud, the household in question would be left completely without livelihood and have to resort to negative survival strategies, such as reducing the number of daily meals, debts, hired work for richer herders contributing an absolute minimum towards the survival of the family, taking their children out of school, migration to towns etc.
Aid to herder families stricken by drought and hard winter
Between February and June 2016, in collaboration with Charita ČR, the Mongolian National Emergency Management Agency and the Mongolian Red Cross, People in Need distributed food and financial aid for three thousand stricken families in the affected Dornod, Sukhbaatar, Khentii and Dornogobi provinces. The project was financed by the European Commission.
PIN continues to work with the families of herders on increasing their resilience against future juds. In collaboration with the Italian non-profit organisation ASIA Onlus with the support of the Waldensian Evangelical Church, PIN also encourages mutual solidarity between the wealthier and more vulnerable herder families.