South Sudan: Humanitarian aid
Situation in South Sudan is considered to be one of the most serious long-term humanitarian crises in the world. Between 1983 and 2005 the country was affected by the so called Second Sudanese Civil War, one of the longest civil wars in the modern history. The peace negotiations in 2005 led to the establishment of an independent state which was officially constituted six years after. The war resulted in the death of two million of people and four million were displaced often repeatedly to different parts of Sudan or neighbouring countries. The inhabitants of South Sudan face critical food scarcity and almost half of the population is stricken by famine.
People in Need mainly engaged in the coordination of aid in two informal camps in Mahad and Lologo in the capital Juba. In Juba and surrounding areas tens of thousands of people lived in provisional tent camps. Our role lay mainly in coordination and organization of services such as drinking water provision, sanitation or the waste collection. An important aspect was also hygiene awareness campaign which were essential for instance for the prevention of cholera epidemics within the camps.
We also assisted families staying in the camps long term with building their tent dwellings. Thanks to the coordination of all participating organizations, the people in camps had access to fundamental healthcare services and children received improvised school tuition.
Coordination of help in the refugee camps in Juba
People in Need also performed overall coordination of services provided by other organisations and local authorities in the Mahad and Lologo camps in order to provide improvised school tuition and access to basic healthcare for all members of the community. In 2014 People in Need provided medical services of a trained midwife for people from the community. Landscaping work, the digging of a channel to drain rainwater during the rainy season or improving the quality of the shelters where the IDPs live has helped improve conditions in the camps.